Missouri Wildflower Guide

Columbine and Ladysmock, Marjoram and Wild Basil, the Cowslip and the Flower-de-luce, the Daffodil and the Clove-Pink bloomed or blossomed in their proper order as the months went by, one flower taking another flower's place, so that there were always beautiful things to look at, and pleasant odours to smell.


From "The Devoted Friend" by Oscar Wilde







Columbine is one of my favorite wildflowers. I encounter it along my creek, and it also grows in the flower bed next to the house. Sitting still for a short while on the porch while it's in bloom ensures that I'll soon enjoy a hummingbird visit. It's also attractive to moths and butterflies, which have long enough tongues to reach the nectar deep in the spurs.


The flowers appear on tall branched stalks well above the clump of basal leaves. Each distinctive red and yellow spurred blossom hangs on a nodding stem. The foliage is attractive as well as the flowers, making this a nice garden plant.


I enjoy seed-collecting sessions in the cool shade where Columbine is found. The beautiful shiny black seeds pour easily from the dried seed pods, making a pleasant sound in the collecting sack.


  • Bloom Time



  • Habit



  • Height

    2 feet


  • Longevity



  • Light



  • Flower Color

    Red and light yellow with long yellow stamens


  • Flower Stem

    Flowers droop from a branched stem above foliage


  • Leaf Arrangement

    Clump of basal leaves with leaves also along the flower stems



Columbine leaf