Missouri Wildflower Guide


Unwatch'd, the garden bough shall sway,
     The tender blossom flutter down;
Unloved, that beech will gather brown,
     This maple burn itself away;

Unloved, the sunflower, shining fair,
     Ray round with flames her disk of seed,
And many a rose-carnation feed
     With summer spice the humming air

 

From "In Memoriam" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson

 

Common Sunflower

Seen in Missouri along roadsides and edges of fields, Common Sunflower is tall, often up to nine feet, and bears numerous large flowers on many branches. Native to the Great Plains, this plant was valued by Native Americans as a source of food, oil, and medicine. Both the flower heads and seeds are smaller than today's commercially cultivated varieties.

 

Although large and coarse, this plant can be an attractive garden specimen, and can be used as cut flowers in large arrangements.  Left on the plant, the seeds will attract birds in the fall.

 

  • Bloom Time

    Jul-Nov

     

  • Habit

    Herbaceous

     

  • Height

    To 9 feet

     

  • Longevity

    Annual

     

  • Light

    Sun

     

  • Flower Size

    4 - 10 inches

     

  • Flower Stem

    Long

     

  • Stem Surface

    Hairy/prickly

     

  • Leaf Size

    3 - 12 inches

     

  • Leaf Shape

    Heart

     

  • Leaf Arrangement

    Alternate

     

  • Leaf Surface

    Hairy/prickly

     

  • Leaf Edges

    Coarsely toothed (dentate)